Your jaw can develop various diseases, not just your teeth and gums. Possible causes of jaw disease can include injury, infection, inflammation, genetic, birth defects, and cancer.
Your Prevent Dental Suite would like to introduce you to the most common diseases that can occur in the jaw and the ideal treatment for every condition.
Also known as dental abscess, a jawbone infection occurs if the cavity remains untreated and the dental pulp becomes infected as a result of bacteria build-up. The untreated infection can spread to the jaw and lead to more systemic health problems that will not only affect your mouth but your body, as well.
If you experience pain in your mouth or jaw, redness or swelling of your gums, or pus draining from the affected area, see your dentist immediately.
The treatment for jawbone infections include:
- Root canal treatment
- Tooth extraction
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is caused by reduced blood flow to the jawbone. If there is too little blood supply, the bone starts to weaken and die. Patients who take antiresorptive medications (for osteoporosis and cancer treatment) are at higher risk of developing osteonecrosis.
Symptoms of ONJ include:
- Pain, swelling or infection in the gums
- Gums or extraction site that don’t heal following a dental work or procedure
- Loose teeth
- Pus draining
- Numbness or heaving feeling in the jaw
- Visible bone in your mouth
There are many ways to minimize your risk of ONJ. Schedule a dental exam with your dentist before getting breast cancer treatment. Update your medical history to include the cancer diagnosis and treatments. If you wear dentures, have them checked and adjusted by your dentist to avoid soft-tissue injury. Tell your dentist and physician if you experience gum bleeding, pain, infection in the mouth, or unusual feeling in your teeth or gums.
The best way to prevent osteonecrosis of the jaw is to practice good dental habits and regular dental care. Thus, keep your teeth and gums healthy to avoid the development of infections. If you develop infections, see your dentist as soon as possible.
Your dentist and physician must work together to ensure the most accurate, safest, and effective treatment plan for your specific needs.
One of the most known jaw problems is Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorder. The temporomandibular joint is located near the front of your ears, and it connects the upper and lower jaw. When the disc in the joint slips out of the position, this results in damage to the TMJ. You may experience difficulty in opening of your mouth accompanied by pain or popping noise.
You are at risk of TMJ disorder if you have:
- Sore or stiff muscles around jaw
- Frequent headaches, neck pain or backaches
- Teeth grinding (bruxism)
- Sensitive or broken teeth
Treatment for TMJ disorder will vary greatly depending on the cause and level of pain. Your dentist will examine you and suggest the best treatment plan for your condition. This may include jaw exercises, pain medications, and splints/nightguards.
Keep Your Jaws Strong and Healthy
Your dentist at Prevent Dental Suite will help you maintain healthy jaws through our comprehensive preventative care and surgical procedures. However, if you have suffer from any issues related to your jaw, be sure to visit us as soon as possible to treat the problem in its earliest stage.
Prevent Dental Suite is a family friendly dentist serving patients of all ages in Kallangur, Warner, Murrumba Downs, North Lakes, Petrie, Strathpine, Griffin, and surrounding areas in Brisbane northside.